South Dakota

Information and Resources

America’s Animal Factories: How States Fail to Prevent Pollution from Livestock Waste

This Natural Resources Defense Council report describes the environmental and public health impacts of pollution generated by factory farms. Includes activist contacts and resources.

Anti-Corporate Farming Laws in the Heartland (1997)

Impact of Anti-Corporate Farming Laws in South Dakota

The number of Small Sales Class farms rose from 6,700 farms to 8,200 farms (1993-1998); Middle Sales Class farms fell from 16,800 farms to 14,000 farms; Large Sales Class farms fell from 9,500 farms to 8,800 farms. Source: Community Environmental Legal Defense Fund

South Dakota Permit Rules May Change

State regulations for concentrated animal feeding operations may soon change to require all existing operations with 1,000 or more animal units to obtain a general livestock permit.
“The permits were written for new and expanding operations,” said Kent Woodmansey, natural resources engineering director with the state Department of Environment and Natural Resources. “The department is now looking at existing operations and will be requiring them to get permitted.”
The state began requiring general permits for concentrated swine feeding operations in 1997 and for other concentrated animal feeding operations in 1998. A general permit details the design requirements for waste management systems needed to protect both surface water and ground water resources. (Daily Republic, October 27, 2001)

State Information


Stop Corporate Farms

A website created by South Dakotans to protect family farms, health, and quality of life. Links to information and research on CAFOs that is intended to help properly arm voters against legislation that will allow large industrial-scale dairy operations to move in.

Surface Water Discharge Permits

Definitions applicable to concentrated animal feeding operations.

US Farms – State Fact Sheets

Links for each state, with current information about farm size, financial status, rural employment, land use, and more. (USDA)

Water Quality in the Upper Mississippi River Basin, Minnesota, Wisconsin, South Dakota, Iowa, and North Dakota, 1995-98

Water quality assessment reports From the US Geological Survey.

State and Local Government


Dakota Rural Action

Works to build grassroots leadership through community organizing, preserving local control, and giving people a strong voice in decisions affecting their quality of life.

Plains Justice

A Great Plains public-interest law center working as advocates for clean, safe, and healthy communities. They’ve recently release a report titled “Public Heath and Livestock Confinements: Identifying Threats to Human Health” that’s a valuable resource to anyone dealing with the effects of CAFOs in their community.