Information and Resources

Activist Contacts

Oklahoma Family Farm Alliance

Contact: Suzette Hatfield (405) 557-1649.

State Director SW Region, Humane Society of the United States

Contact: Cynthia Armstrong (405) 478-8737 carmstrong@humanesociety.org.

Oklahoma Chapter of the Sierra Club

Contact: Susie Shields (V Chair), sshields@cox.net.

Complaint Hotlines

  • Oklahoma Department of Agriculture complaint hotline: (800) 235-9877.
  • Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality state hotline: (800) 522-0206.

State, Local, and Other Regulatory Agencies

Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food, and Forestry (ODAFF)

Responsible for the permitting of livestock facilities, including the NPDES permit for CAFOs. The CAFO permitting staff division is called Agricultural Environmental Management Services (AEMS). Contact: 405-521-3864.

Oklahoma Water Resources Board (OWRB)

Responsible for issuing groundwater permits. In Oklahoma, many of the CAFOs apply for water use permits prior to or during the NPDES permitting process. These water use permits can be appealed using an administrative hearing process. The OWRB is also responsible for the Oklahoma Water Quality Standards. Contact: 405-530-8800. Also sponsors the Oklahoma Water Watch Program.

Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality (ODEQ)

USEPA Region VI proposed General Permit for CAFOs for Oklahoma

Proposed NPDES General Permit for Discharges from Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) in Oklahoma (OKG010000) (March 25, 2009: Comment period extended until May 26, 2009).

Oklahoma CAFO Reports

Governor Frank Keating’s Animal Waste & Water Quality Protection Task Force Final Report

CAFO 1997 task force final report.

Impact of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations on Oklahoma City’s Water Supplies

Oklahoma Water Resources Board 2002 report on CAFO impacts on Oklahoma City water supplies.

Section 106 Quality Assurance Project

2007 water monitoring QA plan.

Controlling Odors and Gaseous Emission Problems for Industrial Swine Facilities

 Yale Environmental Protection Clinic report, Fall 1998.

The Impact of Recruiting Vertically Integrated Hog Production In Agriculturally-Based Counties of Oklahoma

Kerr Center report.

Investigation of Sources of Nutrients and Bacteria in Water from Selected Wells near CAFOs in Oklahoma


Rapid Recharge of High Plains Aquifer

USGS, 1999.


Concerned Citizens for Green Country Conservation, Inc., (CCGCC)

Formed in 1996 to protect natural resources in northeast Oklahoma. Contact: Bill & Sandra Berry, (918) 786-4280.

Oklahoma Family Farm Alliance

An organization representing family farmers, rural residents, and neighbors of factory farms. Contact: Suzette Hatfield, (405) 557-1649.

Safe Oklahoma Resource Development (SORD)

Formed in 1993 in response to Oklahoma residents’ experiences with Seaboard Hog Corporation. In 1998, SORD’s work to pass strong legislation to protect air and groundwater from hog factory pollution resulted in a one-year moratorium on the construction and expansion of hog CAFOs. Contact: Don Ukens, PO Box 95, 611 N Lorenz, Hooker, OK 73945, 580-652-3296.

Sierra Club, Oklahoma Chapter

Provides information about local CAFO issues. Contact: Bud Scott, okprogress@gmail.com.

Save the Illinois River (Tahlequah, OK)

Contact: 918-456-3407.

Oklahoma Chapter of the Nature Conservancy

Protecting Oklahoma for Future Generations

Regulations and Statutes for CAFOs

History of CAFOs in Oklahoma

Related Legislation and Information

Legislative briefing

Oklahoma State Senate

Possible Sources of Nitrate in Ground Water at Swine Licensed-Managed Feeding Operations in Oklahoma

Samples collected and analyzed by the Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food, and Forestry from 1999 to 2001 revealed that nitrate exceeded the US Environmental Protection Agency maximum contaminant level for public drinking-water supplies in 79 monitoring wells at 35 swine licensed-managed feeding operations in Oklahoma. (US Geological Survey, 2001).

Senate Bill 1084 and Senate Bill 1084 Engrossed

A retailer of fresh fruits, fresh vegetables or frozen meat shall inform consumers at the final point of sale of such fruits, vegetables or meat of the country of origin of such fresh fruits, fresh vegetables or frozen meat. Effective September 2000.

SB 862 as amended, by Sen. Paul Muegge, D-Tonkawa

Proposes to create the Oklahoma Poultry Waste Utilization Incentive Act. The bill proposes an assessment of $0.02 per live poultry purchased, received, owned or controlled by an integrator at the time of collection from contract poultry growers in this state for transportation to a poultry processing facility. The assessment’s purpose is to provide revenue to the Poultry Waste Utilization Incentive Fund. The bill prohibits integrators from assessing contract growers for the assessment and from attempting to impose the cost of the assessment on the contract poultry growers in any manner. The bill provides that it shall be the duty of every integrator to remit any assessment required and make and submit an assessment collection report to the Oklahoma Tax Commission. Failure to comply will result in a penalty imposed by the Tax Commission. The penalty shall be equal to 10% of the assessment amount incurred by the integrator for the report period for which the integrator failed to timely mail the required report. The bill instructs the Tax Commission to keep a separate accounting of all monies received together with any interests and penalties and deposit such monies monthly into the Poultry Waste Utilization Incentive Fund. The bill was amended striking Section Two. The title was stricken. (February 28, 2000)

A second bill proposing a $5 per ton income-tax credit for large purchases of poultry litter passed the House unopposed and was sent to the Senate. House Bill 2116 was endorsed 98-0. A similar measure, House Bill 2099 and House Bill 2099 engrossed, passed the House 97-0 and was assigned to the Senate Finance Committee. Both measures provide that in order to qualify:

A buyer would have to acquire the litter from a commercial poultry operation “located within an environmentally sensitive and nutrient-limited watershed area” specified by the Oklahoma Water Resources Board.

The poultry litter would have to be dispersed in a watershed that has not been branded environmentally sensitive and nutrient limited.

The poultry waste would have to be spread or used in a manner deemed acceptable by the state Department of Agriculture.

Sustainable Agriculture

Kerr Center for Sustainable Development

In 1985, the Kerr Foundation was divided and the agricultural division became the new Kerr Center for Sustainable Agriculture, with a new mission.   The center committed its resources and programs to the goals of “sustainable” agriculture. For agriculture to be sustainable it must be profitable, environmentally responsible, and enhance the quality of life of farm families and their communities.

The center gives farmers, ranchers, gardeners and educators from around Oklahoma the tools they need to be successful in challenging times. Through projects on the ranch, a comprehensive website and well-regarded educational events, the center reaches people around the world.

Oklahoma Sustainability Network

The Oklahoma Sustainability Network (OSN) serves to connect and educate the people of Oklahoma concerning the many aspects of sustainability. OSN is a catalyst and a resource for the improvement of Oklahoma’s economy, ecology, and equity.

Oklahoma Food Cooperative

From their website: We are our members, a growing community of common purpose and hope who reject the idea of food as fuel and commodity, and embrace the authentic regional foods and tastes of our area. Oklahoma food is good enough for us. We are producers and customers, re-weaving the ties that once bound rural and urban areas together in mutual support and service.